EISA Chad: Citizen observation

2011 election: CSO edeployed cizen observers at a polling station

In a country like Chad which is plagued by intractable violence and political instability, citizen election observer groups act as impartial witnesses to help prevent conflict. Well trained, professional and non partisan citizen observers ensure transparency and increase the credibility of future elections.

EISA assists civil society organisations in Chad with planning, coordinating and deploying election observer missions. The organisation also provides training for long and short term citizen observers all over the country. Helping build sustainable election observer networks and coalitions is an important aspect of EISA's support so that increasingly, these groups develop a common approach to election observation, resource sharing and mutual support in carrying out their activities. A similar programme was developed for training party poll-watchers in poll watching.

This is the first programme of its kind to be undertaken in this region of the continent. Here, the capacity of civil society organisations is still weak, particularly around involvement in the electoral process. EISA is laying the ground for a long term intervention strategy. It aims to build local capacity and address the most pressing needs for assistance from countries without a long tradition of competitive elections.


Citizen observation enhanced

In keeping with EISA's goal that citizens participate effectively in the democratic process since opening the office in Chad, EISA has partnered civil society organisations in building their capacity to recruit, train and deploy citizen observers. During the past year EISA released a handbook, with a foreword by the CENI Chairperson, providing useful information on the legal framework for the local elections. The handbook also presented the role and main functions of Chad's urban and rural municipalities. Various stakeholders received the handbook, including the CENI, political parties and CSOs. It was very helpful to the CENI as it contained a thorough explanation of the electoral system used for these local elections. Political parties used it, not only as a campaigning manual, but also as a guide for their newly elected officials. Civil Society Organisations used it as an observation manual to follow the campaign and the seat allocation in the municipal councils.

To broaden the scope of information and experience for local citizen observer groups, EISA Chad facilitated a workshop on international election observation in N'djamena from 21st to 22nd September 2012. The workshop was attended by citizen observers from local CSOs, a representative of the Electoral Commission (CENI) and political parties. Participants to the workshop were exposed to the basic tenets of the rationale and methodology of international election observation, an analysis of trends in election observation and shared best international practices and strengthened capacity of CSOs working in the field of elections in Chad, political parties and the electoral commission.

Since working with local citizen observer groups, a key achievement of EISA's support was the production of a comprehensive and high quality observer mission report by the Coalition Indépendante pour des Elections Libres (CIEL), one of the coalitions of local CSOs.


Handbooks and manuals

The following handbooks and manuals were produced, printed and diseminated for use intraining

Cover of election observation manual
Support to CSOs during the 2011 elections

An umbrella network, the Mission d'Observation Electorale de la Société Civile Tchadienne (MOE-SCT) was established with EISA's support which deployed 300 long-term observers during the 13th February 2011 National Assembly and the 25th April 2011 presidential elections. Besides the Training of Trainers Handbook on Election Observation [PDF] that was reprinted for use during the training sessions before the presidential poll, two additional manuals were developed and distributed to CSOs involved in election observation: a handbook on the role and responsibilities of observers [PDF] followed by the observers' code of conduct, and the Election Observer Mission's Planning Handbook [PDF].

CSO knowledge on the basic tenets of the rationale and methodology of election observation was acquired, shared and applied by observers during their deployment. These learnings informed the deployment of observers to the April presidential elections where corrective measures were taken. These included recruiting and training new observers, dismissing those involved in partisan activities, drafting new deployment plans and providing for better systems to centralise observers' reporting forms and check lists. With EISA's support, the electoral process was accessed in a credible and non-partisan manner by the CSOs network and comprehensive and high quality observer mission's statements and reports were produced.



Establishment of civil society network

EISA supported the establishment of a civil society organisations network. This was a consultative process engaging local CSOs on the nature and structure of the network, and criteria for membership of the network. While the network's immediate objective was to put in place a citizen election observation mission, as well as a voter education programme, a broader long-term goal to ensure sustainability of the network was agreed and included a broader democracy and civic education programme. Besides facilitating the establishment of a sustainable network of domestic observers, EISA achieved the following in its support to civil society in Chad:

  • Training manuals and a handbook for trainers and observers was designed, developed and distributed.
  • Training on enhancing existing skills and knowledge on election observation methodology, long and short-term observer reporting mechanisms, designing checklists was provided to 176 election observers.
  • Common and consistent approaches and methodology for domestic election observer groups were developed through the provision of a shared code of conduct, criteria for selecting observers and Election Day reporting form.
  • Technical and financial assistance was provided to 300 long-term citizen observers deployed for the voter registration process.
  • Further strengthening knowledge was gained from previous training sessions in election observation conducted nationwide in 2009.
  • Assistance was provided for the drafting, publication and dissemination of the first domestic election observer report on voter registration in Chad.


Workshop for CSOs
Workshop on the recruitment and training of observers

May & Nov 2009

Between May and November 2009, EISA's Elections and Political Processes, as part of it's support for civil society electoral initiatives, held two workshops for CSOs. The first two workshops were conducted by EISA, as a member of a joint partnership between International IDEA and other partners of the Network for Enhanced Electoral and Democratic Support (NEEDS) III project. The project is aimed at training domestic observer groups from selected countries which are beneficiaries of the European Union (EU) electoral assistance.

The training focused on consolidating election observation methodology in line with international and regional standards and to improve domestic observers' capabilities through the development of a common approach in the recruitment and training of observers. The first training took place in May 2009 in Randburg, South Africa, and was conducted for representatives of CSOs involved in citizen observation in their respective countries from Chad, Burundi, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe, Algeria, Botswana, Cameroon, Liberia, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia. The second training was held in Dakar, Senegal, in November 2009 and was conducted for 23 representatives of CSOs from Chad, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo (Republic), Côte d'Ivoire, DRC, Gabon, Madagascar, Niger, Senegal and Togo.

Seminaire CENI
2009 Workshop on a common approach in election observation in Africa

August 2009

EISA;s Elections and Political Processes, as part of it's support for civil society electoral initiatives, held a training workshop on election observation for representatives of CSOs from Africa. Participants were drawn from Burundi, Algeria, Botswana, Cameroon, Chad, Liberia, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania and Zambia. The objective of the workshop was to ensure that African CSOs gradually develop a common approach in election observation as well as to ensure that electoral observation in Africa has a real impact on the democratic development agenda.

The workshop took place in August 2009 in Johannesburg, South Africa. By the end of the training, participants indicated that they had gained a comprehensive understanding and appreciation of the value of EISA's election observation methodology.